There may be rhythmic accompaniment, but only one line that has specific pitches. ), and mus. Monophony, polyphony and homophony are all types of musical a. colors b. harmonies c. rhythms d. textures e. none of the above 2. If an entire melody is played by two or more instruments or sung by a choir with a fixed interval, such as a perfect fifth, it is also said to be monophony (or "monophonic"). Composers known for their homophonic work during the Baroque period include Claudio Monteverdi, Antonio Vivaldi, George Frideric Handel, and Johann Sebastian Bach. Monophony may not have underlying rhythmic textures, and must consist of only a single melodic line. Ardis Butterfield (1997). A monophonic Antiphon from the Gregorian Chant collection Liber Usualis. in Ancient Gr., early church mus. In fact, the majority of bass solos, or bass melodies are monophonic, because all other instruments (except maybe drums) tend to cut out and give space to the bassist. (Gregorian etc. Aristocratic troubadours and trouvères typically played in courtly performances for kings, queens, and countesses. Program music and Nationalism reached their highest levels of expression during which era: a. which has a single melodic line of notes without harmonies or melody in counterpoint, as opposed to polyphony and homophony. Most people can only sing one pitch at a time, and so if you are singing by yourself without musical accompaniment, you are singing in monophonic texture. Its name comes from the Greek words mono, meaning “one”, and phonic, meaning “relating to sound”. Samuel Chase has been playing music since he was 5 years old, and teaching music since he was 13. Welcome to Hello Music Theory! 1″ for solo cello, or Bartok’s “Sonata for Solo Violin”. For example, the intro to Sir Duke by Stevie Wonder features multiple instruments but as they’re all playing the same melody it’s considered monophonic. If the instrumentalists or singers are singing the same note but in different registers, or octaves, that is still monophony, because it is still just one melody. Also, there can be unpitched rhythmic accompaniment (drums or clapping etc) as long as no other pitches are being played or sung. Monophonic texture might be a bit confusing at first because, while it does literally mean “one sound” or “one voice”, you can still have monophony with multiple people playing or singing. A well-known example is Martin Luther's hymn "Ein feste Burg ist unser Gott" ("A Mighty Fortress Is Our God"), written as a monophonic tune sometime between 1527 and 1529. The choral arrangement of four voices (soprano, alto, tenor, and bass) has since become common in Western classical music. Homophony began by appearing in sacred music, replacing polyphony and monophony … What is Monophony music? In music, monophonic texture is the simplest of the three main types of texture, the other two being homophonic and polyphonic texture. The terms monophony and polyphony have very straight-forward literal meanings.Monophony means music with a single "part" and a "part" typically means a single vocal melody, but it could mean a single melody on an instrument of one kind or another.Polyphony means music with more than one part, and so this indicates simultaneous notes. It can even be multiple musicians playing or singing the same melody at the same time, either in unison (all sounding the exact same pitch) or in different octaves (singing the same note but lower or higher). Mus. He has a PhD in Music from the University of Surrey, and he has composed music that has been played in three different countries. There are four types of texture in art: actual, simulated, abstract, and invented texture. [3], A tradition of Lauda, or sacred songs in the style of Troubador songs, was popularized in the 13th and 14th centuries by Geisslerlieder, or Flagellant songs. The earliest organum merely augmented the texture of the melody by adding a second voice in parallel octaves or parallel fifths, which could still be considered monophonic; however, by the 11th century the organum had developed a style called "free organum" in which the voices were more independent, evolving into a polyphonic tradition. For example, Dodecachordon was published by the Swiss Renaissance composer Heinrich Glarean (also Glareanus) and included plainsong or Gregorian chant and monophony. For specific pieces of music that are good examples of each type of texture, please see the Activity section below. It is the base of musical texture, and the rest builds over this layer. If the guitar player then played the exact melody on the guitar at the same time as everyone was singing, that would be monophony again. In the early 9th century, the organumtradition developed by adding voices in parallel to plainchant melodies. In particular, polyphony consists of two or more simultaneous lines of independent melody, as opposed to a musical texture with just one voice, monophony, or a texture with one dominant melodic voice accompanied by chords, which is called homophony. Monophony: This is the simplest type of texture. As long as there is only one melody, with no different harmonies or melodies, then it is a monophonic texture, no matter how many people are singing or playing that melody. The earliest manuscripts which contain plainsong were written in neumes, a primitive system which recorded only the outline of the melody, and it was not until the 11th century that Guido d'Arezzo invented a more modern musical notation system that the exact notes of the melodies were preserved. Jehan de Lescurel (or Jehannot de l'Escurel), a poet and composer from northern French from the Trouvère style also wrote monophonic songs in the style of virelais, ballades, rondeaux and diz entés. 1. But, the moment the other instruments come in, it ceases to be monophonic texture. Monophonic music can also be called monophony. There is no harmony; it is very basic, and it is either played by one instrument or sung by one voice but all at the same rhythm and tempo in unison. This is the plainchant version (mode iii) of Pange Lingua sung to its traditional Latin text. Minnesänger were similar to the French style but in Middle High German. Some examples of monophonic texture in jazz music would be something like the beginning bass line to “Birdland” by Weather Report. An Overview Of The 20th Century Music Era. What is polyphonic texture in music? In the Early Middle Ages, the earliest Christian songs, called plainchant (a well-known example is Gregorian chant), were monophonic. Homophony first appeared as one of the predominant textures in Western classical music during the Baroque period in the early 17th century, when composers began to commonly compose with vertical harmony in mind, the homophonic basso continuo becoming a definitive feature of the style. What is polyphonic texture in music? Required fields are marked *. He is currently working as a film composer and writing a book on film music. According to Ardis Butterfield (1997), monophony "is the dominant mode of the European vernacular genres as well as of Latin song ... in polyphonic works, it remains a central compositional principle."[2]. So the first style I’ve chosen to talk about is Homophonic which is one melody line played at a time but played by multiple instruments, So i have chosen Miley Cyrus The climb ( I know its a bit sad but its a perfect example) as the song starts with the Keyboard/ Piano playing Miley starts to sing and the way she sings isn’t a whole new melody it stays with the melody. Most people can only sing one pitch at a time, and so if you are singing by yourself without musical accompaniment, you are singing in monophonic texture. Monophonic texture is also found in classical music, like Bach’s “Cello Suite No. Sung by multiple voices in unison (i.e. Kliewer, Vernon (1975). Poets and composers in the 14th century produced many songs which can be seen as extensions of the Provençal troubador tradition, such as secular monophonic lais and virelais. Monophonic music has only one melodic line, with no harmony or counterpoint. Another example from the jazz repertoire is the beginning to “Unsquare Dance” by Dave Brubeck.

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