Swahili noun classes []. The noun classes are generally marked by a class prefix. Let’s see how the associative looks in action now: They depend … – Kazi za shamba: Farm work (“work of the farm”) Makosa yenu: Your mistakes – We use the “pronomial prefix” to shape -ote and -o-ote. Swahili noun classes work a lot like gender in German, French or Spanish. Mzee wa Kwakiliga: An elder of Kwakiliga, Yes, thanks Catriona! Classes 11-14 have merged. Useful Online Resources for Learning Acholi, Acholi: Talking Politics in Northern Uganda, Acholi & Ngakarimojong: Lost in Translation, Introductory Lesson on Greetings in Akan Twi, Introducing yourself and meeting others in Akan Twi, Food & Drinks in Amharic: Basics of Ethiopian Food, Cultural Resources for Learning About the Middle East. Swahili Class 11/ 14 is a combination of two Bantu noun classes. Answers are in the written exercises doc. Jina: Noun meaning, “name.” Member of noun class 5 Finding a Tutor in a Least Commonly Taught Language, Flashcards: Gen. Classes 9-10 show no singular-plural contrast. The Meinhof numbering tends to be used in scientific works dealing with comparisons of different Bantu languages. Kitabu cha shule: School book (“book of school”) – Jina la baba: Father’s name/surname (“Name of father”)  Kpelle-Health, Sickness, and Wellness Part 2, Kpelle- History and Brief Intro. Swahili learners reference grammar. Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. – Advanced: Unataka kujifunza kuhusu utamaduini au usomaji? For instance, in Swahili the word rafiki ‘friend’ belongs to the class 9 and its “plural form” is marafiki of the class 6, even if most nouns of the 9 class have the plural of the class 10. Hatujauza mahindi yoyote: We have not sold any maize, Kitabu chochote kitafaa: Any book will be suitable, Tulielewa vitu vyote: We understood everything, Nitaandika na kalamu yoyote: I will write with any pen, Nitapanda mbegu hizi zote: I will plant all these seeds, Watalima kokote huku: They will cultivate anywhere in this general area, Note: Questions for the listening exercises are within the dialogue itself. Mwanafunzi wa Kiswahili: A student of Swahili This question, “jina lako nani,” is a perfect introduction to the concept and function of possessives– my, your, his/hers, our, y’alls, their. Mavuno ya maharagwe: Bean harvest (“Harvests of beans”) Noun Classes 11 & 10 ( Log Out /  Swahili nouns are, like those in other Bantu languages, noted for a system of semantically based classing, which affects not only nouns but also their modifiers (adjectives, numbers, demonstratives) and verbs. It is always used with the possessive: peke yangu I alone, by myself peke yetu we alone, by ourselves. Upendo wetu: Our love Noun Classes 16 &17 (Places indicated by the suffix -ni), Shambani kwa Mzee Abbasi: The shamba (as a specific place) of Mzee Abbasi, Nyumbani kwa Mama Kitojo: The home of Mama Kitojo. his/her, their) Each possessive pronoun has a singular and a plural form. Kitu cha umuhimu: An important thing (“thing of importance”) Sukari zao: Their sugar Kuta zao: Their walls – You will most commonly use these with nouns like shambani or nyumbani, or the locative demonstratives (hapa, huko, kule, etc.) Gender is grammatical and affixes mark a noun for membership in a noun class. – The possessive pronouns in Swahili have no feminine or masculine aspect. ( Log Out /  Outline of the Swahili noun class system . Noun Classes 7&8 living things, kinds of plants, etc). Noun Classes 3 & 4 Lako: Lako is a possessive, meaning “your” in the second person singular. In Spanish, “the house is beautiful” is la casa es hermosa, but “the lake is beautiful” is el lago es hermoso. – Noun Classes 11 & 10 Noun Classes 9&10 – Lesson on Syllabary and Alphabet, Kpelle-Basic Lesson on Nouns and Pronouns, Cultural and Historical Resources: Liberia and Liberian English, Practice Lesson: Some Basics in Liberian English Pronunciation, Varieties- Liberian Vernacular English or Vernacular Liberian English(VLE), Variations of Grammar and "Rules" in the Varieties of English-Basic Similarities and Differences, Cultural Resources for Learners of Luganda, Beginning Luganda – Worksheet 1: Greetings, Beginner Worksheet 3: Negatives in Luganda, Luganda Beginner Worksheet 5: Future Tense, Beginnining Luganda Worksheet 6: Counting in Noun Classes, Beginning Worksheet 9: Prepositional phrases, Luganda for Intermediate and Advanced Learners, Worksheet: "Just," "Merely," or "Simply" in Luganda, Ngakarimojong: Introduction and Greetings, Ngakarimojong: Village, Household and Family, Ngakarimojong: Animals and the Age Set System, Learning through folktales: Lizard and Chameleon, Part II: Swahili History, Culture, and More, Kufupisha kwa Kitabu cha historia ya pwani kwa Uswahili, Learning Swahili Noun Classes… with Fruit, Noun Classes: An Introduction and Practicing Possessive Agreements, Swahili as a Compulsory Subject in East African Schools, Swahili in Uganda: From the Language of the Military to the Language of the Market, This and That in Swahili: Introduction to Demonstratives, Swahili Methali and Misemo (Proverbs and Sayings), A closer, Swahili analysis of The Swahili, Sarufi (Grammar) | When and If in Verb Structure, Grammar | Relative Constructions and Pronouns, Reading Practice 1: Julius Nyerere Speech, Kujulisha (Introducing) Penina Muhando Mlama. Usitumie jembe lolote: You shouldn’t use any hand hoe. So, we get the following modifiers for each noun class: *Note that class 1 “yeyote” is irregular, beginning with “ye” despite taking the pronomial prefix “w-.” This is a legacy of the archaic Bantu prefix “yu-” for noun class 1. Vocabulary, verbs and more, Xhosa: Numbers + Money and Days of the Week. The class of a noun is signalled by (a) a pair of prefixes attached to the nominal stem, one for singular, one for plural; – 2.1. Let’s look now at these modifiers in action: Mtoto yeyote anaweza kuenda shule. Noun Classes 9&10 In these punctuation worksheets, students write the possessive form of both singular and plural nouns. Study 28 Noun classes with locatives and possessives flashcards from Elijah G. on StudyBlue. Change ), https://2seedsswahili.files.wordpress.com/2013/06/oc_swahiliunit9lecture_140622.m4a, https://2seedsswahili.files.wordpress.com/2013/06/oc_swahiliunit9dialogues_1407091.m4a, Swahili: Unit 10 – Adjectives, Adverbs, and Syntax, Swahili: Unit 12 – Commands and Subjunctive Tenses, The “Already” Infix, and the Indefinite Present Tense, Swahili: Unit 11 – Locatives, Prepositions, and Relative and Object Infixes, Swahili: Unit 9 – Associatives, Possessives, and Other Modifiers, Properly indicate association among items, Properly indicate possession between items. We’ll get to the possessive markers for each noun class in a moment. Resources for Self-Instructional Learners of Less Commonly Taught Languages by University of Wisconsin-Madison Students in African 671 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted. Vitenge vyetu: Our pieces of fabric A summarized list of the noun classes as follows: Ngeli ya kwanza (Noun class 1) M-/Mw- (rarely – Mu-) The class of a noun is signalled by (a) a pair of prefixes attached to the nominal stem, one for singular, one for plural; A summarized list of the noun classes as follows: Possessive Pronouns  (Vimilikishi, kimilikishi). **All plural nouns use the 3rd person plural possessive stem Nani: Question word meaning “who.” But you already knew that. – Swahili Noun Classes Noun Classes [ngeli za Kiswahili] Nouns in Kiswahili are grouped into various noun classes because of two main reasons: 1. their characteristics as a noun 2. Mkopo wa kilimo: Agricultural loan (“loan of agriculture”) Walimu wa kilimo:  Agriculture teachers (“Teachers of agriculture”) 3.4 Nouns. There is no gender distinction. – Arabic: A “Less Commonly Taught” and/or a “Critical” Language? Jiko la nyumba: The stove/kitchen of the house Vyoo vya nyumba yangu: My house’s toilets (“Toilets of my house”)

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