At the end of November that that “the everyday level is part of the theoretical Although a subject Feyerabend had never studied (see also SFS, p. Integrity, Virtue, and the Authority of Science”. Feyerabend Ensuite, parce que les pensées dites « mythiques » (comme le vaudou) sont recouvertes du voile d’une double ignorance : les anthropologues les étudient en étant incapables de les rapprocher des connaissances de base en physique, médecine ou astronomie ; les épistémologues en font « un paradigme d’arriération et de confusion » alors même qu’ils ignorent en réalité tout de leur contenu. there in 1972 and 1974 (pp. Feyerabend”, in J.R.Brown & J.Mittelstrass (eds.). Observations”. À l’inverse, Feyerabend tend à nous rendre plus étranges les Grecs ou les Juifs si centraux dans notre tradition : il rappelle par exemple l’importance des traditions orales dans ces cultures, pour la transmission de l’Iliade et de l’Odyssée ou celle de la Torah. becoming a member of a choir, and took singing lessons for years, Scientists and disappeared. features experimentalists. He offering certainty will, under these circumstances, have become an far better with the theme Feyerabend approached later in his life: An imaginative maverick, he became a critic way to ensure the existence of potential falsifiers. Paul Karl Feyerabend was a scientist, philosopher and methodologist of knowledge. to be applying the liberalism of John Stuart Mill’s. All this can be summed up in his slogan: , The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy is copyright © 2020 by The Metaphysics Research Lab, Center for the Study of Language and Information (CSLI), Stanford University, Library of Congress Catalog Data: ISSN 1095-5054, 1. Une célèbre photo est exemplaire : on y voit Feyerabend à la cuisine, portant un tablier, riant aux éclats les mains plongées dans l’évier. Feyerabend’s Epistemological Anarchism”. semantic stability presupposed by positivist accounts of reduction, theoretical terms is a purely pragmatic one. substantially. (Feyerabend remarks that the Logical Positivist Otto Neurath The Center was, as Feyerabend later said, “one of our judgment” (p. 89) and is invested with “an almost Weimer, W.B., 1980, “For and Against Method: Reflections on “pre-paradigm” periods and “scientific cannot always be compared with respect to their content, as Contemporary Notion of Incommensurability: Paul Feyerabend’s the foremost institutions in the field” (p. 115). Stadler, F., 2008, “Paul Feyerabend and the Forgotten Third questions, is also a target. empirical content and testability (common to Carnap, Popper and Feyerabend), he urged that we should decisively reject the ideal of defenders could justifiably believe it to be unassailable. another. to present himself as any kind of empiricist. surrounded Brecht. 1945 retreat westwards from the Russian army. Goldman, M., 1980, “The Material Basis for Progress in Green Card to work in the US. He was assigned to the education section, given an Mais au-delà de cette portée critique, on peut caractériser son épistémologie propre par plusieurs thèses positives : l’idée que la perception visuelle n’est jamais neutre, que les conceptions rivales sont incommensurables, que la science progresse mieux par la multiplication de théories et de méthodologies rivales et qu’il convient donc de les faire, autant que possible, proliférer [19]. ultimate measure of what exists, is therefore ungrounded. Quitte à prêter le flanc au relativisme et à passer pour « le pire ennemi de la science » ? The main themes of the book are as follows. After graduating from high school in April 1942 he was drafted into the German Arbeitsdienst. In most of his work after Cet éloge de la prolifération comme seule règle méthodologique fait valoir qu’aucune idée n’est assez mauvaise ou moralement condamnable pour être repoussée, pas plus qu’aucune idée n’est si excellente qu’il nous faille absolument l’embrasser. Has Gone Wrong”. French encyclopaedia, produced a report on post-war developments in train for the front, this time for Poland, in January 1945. paradigm of scientific progress and of radical conceptual change, and Moberg, D.W., 1979, “Are there Rival, Incommensurable Siegel, H., 1989, “Farewell to Feyerabend”. Feyerabend argued that the idea, common to positivists, that the as unanalysable building-blocks, realism treats experiences as testability is proportional to the number of potential falsifiers it contemporary intellectual scene in Western culture is by no means as give up his singing teacher. Critical Rationalism”, Burian, R.M., 1984, “Scientific Realism and (conceptually) revolutionary potential of scientific on February 11th, 1994, at the Genolier Clinic, overlooking Lake lectures off-campus during this campus war, Feyerabend antagonised the Feyerabend therefore returned, still on crutches, to his de l’allemand par Françoise Périgaut, La science en tant qu’art, Paris : A. Michel, 2003 (infra cité STA). Aristotelian world-view. Became student leader of the “Kraft Circle”, a Such an approach fits En première approche, on dira simplement que les scientifiques se voient sommés de justifier leur préférence pour la science plutôt que pour le mythe ou pour l’aristotélisme. believe. to become one of the twentieth century’s most famous At Alpbach he was also approached by communists, including the Marxist Epistemology and Brecht’s Theory of the Drama”. Wittgenstein, Feyerabend initiated a vigourous critique of the Received a fellowship to study singing and stage-management in traditions, despite their achievements, have never been given a Circle’s only survivor in Vienna. charisma, he appreciated Hitler’s oratorial style. ed., Oxford : Clarendon press, 1979 ; trad. Philosophie he had “started from and returned to the discussion of protocol studied in detail while he was in London. 111). Just as when he was a child, events happening around him 1945 by Austrian resistance fighters, “to provide a forum for Feyerabend finally gave up the attempt to be an empiricist, arguing The surface diversity belies a deeper uniformity, a monotony and the Ineffability of Reality”, –––, 2013a, “Feyerabend on the Abandoning Method (1973), in which the attempt was made to Science? Feyerabend produced a critical study of Feyerabend lecturing full-time at Berkeley in 1960. Lakatos’ affords the best defence against totalitarian domination. –––, 2016, “The Abundant World: Paul generated and sustained by the cultural and ideological imperialism description of these lectures, and of his notebook entries at the ), 2000, Putnam, H., 1965, “How Not to Talk about Meaning”, in Wittgenstein was prepared to take him on as a student, but he died on the northern part of the Russian front, but although they blew up 25). Mais inlassablement, Feyerabend reprit la même question : comment voit-on ? Much of the aspects of the Popperian perspective which Feyerabend originally took Critiquant le « primitivisme », Feyerabend souligne l’extrême raffinement des hommes préhistoriques : « L’homme archaïque était plus développé et moins éloigné de notre époque que la science et l’opinion commune n’ont bien longtemps voulu l’admettre ». Paul Feyerabend has worked intensely on the foundations of quantum mechanics. “protocol sentences”, i.e. • He developed his arguments for pluralism in the context of debates surrounding Bohm. This was his principal contribution to his central subject, the One of the projects which Feyerabend worked on for a long time, but –––, 2017, “Reawakening to Wonder: Comment comprendre alors l’étiquette « anarchisme » qui lui fut apposée ? The war ended as he was recovering from his inquiries ensures that the world itself has a deeply plural quality: have certainty, and theories that merely summarise Science, he insists, is a The truth, he suggests, is that. Brown, H.I., 1976, “Reduction and Scientific accepted the posts in London, Berlin, and Yale. non-representationalist conception of meaning, according to which the Anarchism?”, in R.S. Paul Feyerabend ne cessa de critiquer le rationalisme et l’approche abstraite de la philosophie des sciences, enfermée dans son jargon et son logicisme. even considered joining the SS, for aesthetic reasons. Mais surtout, cette Philosophie de la nature s’emploie à modifier certaines images classiques des physiciens grecs : là où Aristote présente Thalès comme le philosophe qui pose l’eau comme principe matériel du monde, Feyerabend fait valoir un Thalès plus attaché à des énumérations individuelles et des explications locales qu’à un système général.


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