Permanent pastures are 68.4% of all agricultural land (26.3% of global land area), arable land (row crops) is 28.4% of all agricultural land (10.9% of global land area), and permanent crops (e.g. Available online. To provide some clarity on the definitions used here (and the common terminology within the literature) we have visualised these land use categories and groupings in the chart shown here. The following discussions on global land use (particularly in relation to agriculture) cover a number of definitions and combined categories. total build-up land (villages, towns, cities & infrastructure) would fit into an area the size of Libya; shrub land is equivalent to an area the size of East Asia-Pacific, from Malaysia southwards; barren land is equivalent to the size of Europe; glaciers (permanent ice & snow) approximates to an area of Antarctica & Greenland combined. It should be noted that the authors derived their rate of decline (at 0.2 percent per year) based on an average prediction over the period 2010-2060; therefore a divergence from this value over the first 5-year period does not necessarily confirm these averaged predictions to be false. Total area of all the countries in the world. If we view the map in “chart” mode, we see how the allocation of land to agriculture has changed over time across the global regions. The visualisation here shows the change in the average cropland use per person over the long-term (since 10,000 BC), measured in hectares per person. All of our charts can be embedded in any site. If we rewind 1000 years, it is estimated that only 4 million square kilometers – less than 4% of the world’s ice-free and non-barren land area was used for farming. Of the world’s land that is used for agriculture, about 77% is used for livestock rearing/meat and dairy production, and 23% is used for growing crops. For most countries, land dedicated to cropland is typically below 20 percent, with many countries dedicating less than 10 percent. There are two main uses of agricultural land: arable farming (which is land dedicated to growing crops), and pastureland (which includes meadows and pastures used for livestock rearing). In 2019, 24,001 species were threatened by ‘agriculture and aquaculture’. Animal products therefore accounted for [514 / (514 + 2370) * 100] = 18% of the world’s calories. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 19(5), 589-606. The agricultural area use is divided into 3 categories: arable land (28% of the global agricultural area), permanent crops (3%) and permanent meadows and pastures (69%) which account for the largest share of the world’s agricultural area.9. In 2013, the global average per capita energy availability from vegetal products was 2370 kilocalories per person per day, and 514kcal from animal products. Ellis, E. C., Klein Goldewijk, K., Siebert, S., Lightman, D., & Ramankutty, N. (2010). – OurWorldInData/FAO . 9 where steep land has been terraced or where yields less than the MCFY are acceptable under the local economic and social conditions (see also Box 4.2). If we extend our land coverage above from arable land use to total agricultural land (which is the sum of arable, permanent crops and pastures and meadows), we still see overall declines in land per person but with different rates and patterns of reduction. The FAO explains the construction of the PIN in detail here. The land use for agriculture had remained unchanged at around 0.6% since 2011. Land use in Asia– both in South and East Asia is lowest (5-6 times less than in North America). Our articles and data visualizations rely on work from many different people and organizations. 29% of the world’s surface is land, and 71% is ocean; Of that 29%, 71% is habitable land, with the remaining land being glaciers and barren land; Of all habitable land in the world, 50% is used for agriculture Animal products therefore accounted for [32 / (32 + 49) * 100] = 39% of the world’s protein. The number of species evaluated and threatened with extinction on the IUCN Red List is available from their summary statistics found here. Half of all habitable land is used for agriculture.2. Our World in Data presents the empirical evidence on global development in entries dedicated to specific topics. Crop yields have increased significantly in recent decades, meaning we have spared a lot of land from agricultural production: globally, to produce the same amount of crops as in 1961, we need only 30% of the farmland. However, most projections suggest a peaking of land expansion in the timespan between 2020 and 2040. Livestock farming can take place across a range of diverse climatic and environmental regions (for example, ranging from cattle rearing in temperate regions to sheep farming in hilly and semi-arid terrain); meaning that this type of agriculture is potentially less geographically-constrained than arable farming. Advertisement. Overall, we see that agricultural land per person is higher than that of arable land. 4.3 Agricultural land. You have the permission to use, distribute, and reproduce in any medium, provided the source and authors are credited. 2012. DOI: 10.1111/j.1728-4457.2013.00561.x. Rome, FAO. It is noted, however, that some of the land classified as not suitable on the basis of this evaluation is used for rainfed agriculture in some countries, e.g. Reducing the consumption of resource-intensive products and increasing the productivity of land makes it possible to produce food with much smaller inputs and reducing the impact on the environment. The Americas (North and South) and Africa have notably higher per capita agricultural land use relative to Europe and Asia. Alexandratos, N. and J. Bruinsma. To meet the demands of a rapidly growing population on a planet with finite land resources, reducing our per capita land footprint is essential. Our World in Data is free and accessible for everyone. Add country You can note that the areal extent of our agricultural land is significantly larger than that of the farmland analysed above (about three times larger). The focus of this entry is land use for agriculture. And again from the same source the definition for permanent meadows and pastures is ‘land used permanently (five years or more) to grow herbaceous forage crops, either cultivated or growing wild (wild prairie or grazing land).’, The FAO definition for fallow land is ‘the cultivated land that is not seeded for one or more growing seasons. Jesse H. Ausubel, Iddo K. Wernick, Paul E. Waggoner (2013) – Peak Farmland and the Prospect for Land Sparing.


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