Educational action research can be engaged in by a single teacher, by a group of colleagues who share an interest in a common problem, or by the entire faculty of a school. ©2014 Great Schools Partnership | 482 Congress Street, Suite 500 | Portland, ME 04101 | 207.773.0505 | greatschoolspartnership.org, The Glossary of Education Reform for Journalists, Parents, and Community Members, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License, Organize, analyze, and interpret the data, Evaluate the results of the actions taken, Do you know what it means when data is disaggregated? Action-research definition is - the use of techniques of social and psychological research to identify social problems in a group or community coupled with active participation of the investigators in group efforts to solve these problems. Action research may also be applied to programs or educational techniques that are not necessarily experiencing any problems, but that educators simply want to learn more about and improve. 'All Intensive Purposes' or 'All Intents and Purposes'? In schools, action research refers to a wide variety of evaluative, investigative, and analytical research methods designed to diagnose problems or weaknesses—whether organizational, academic, or instructional—and help educators develop practical solutions to address them quickly and efficiently. Analyzing data 6. Clarifying theories 3. The object of action research could be almost anything related to educational performance or improvement, from the effectiveness of certain teaching strategies and lesson designs to the influence that family background has on student performance to the results achieved by a particular academic support strategy or learning program—to list just a small sampling. The basic cycle involves the following: This is how Lewin describes the initial cycle: The next step is ‘composed of a circle of planning, executing, and reconnaissance or fact finding for the purpose of evaluating the results of the second step, and preparing the rational basis for … : 206). Subscribe to America's largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free! Whatever the scenario, action research always involves the same seven-step process. The basic principles of action research that were described by Lewin are still in use to this day. Accessed 27 Nov. 2020. Test Your Knowledge - and learn some interesting things along the way. A simple illustrative example: Unlike more formal research studies, such as those conducted by universities and published in peer-reviewed scholarly journals, action research is typically conducted by the educators working in the district or school being studied—the participants—rather than by independent, impartial observers from outside organizations. Collecting data 5. Educators typically conduct action research as an extension of a particular school-improvement plan, project, or goal—i.e., action research is nearly always a school-reform strategy. It involves action, evaluation, and critical reflection and – based on the evidence gathered – changes in practice are then implemented. Kurt Lewinis generally credited as the person who coined the term ‘action research’: His approach involves a spiral of steps, ‘each of which is composed of a circle of planning, action and fact-finding about the result of the action’ (ibid. These are as follows. v Different forms of action research and different names and terminology. v Different views of what action research is about and which perspective to take. Find out with the latest Ed Term of the Week:…. Selecting a focus 2. Can you spell these 10 commonly misspelled words? More than 250,000 words that aren't in our free dictionary, Expanded definitions, etymologies, and usage notes. Reporting results 7. Less formal, prescriptive, or theory-driven research methods are typically used when conducting action research, since the goal is to address practical problems in a specific school or classroom, rather than produce independently validated and reproducible findings that others, outside of the context being studied, can use to guide their future actions or inform the design of their academic programs. Identifying research questions 4. What made you want to look up action-research? Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible). Start your free trial today and get unlimited access to America's largest dictionary, with: “Action-research.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/action-research.

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